Health Disparities
Inequities in Education

Culture and Cancer: The Case of Latino Women
National Cancer Institute and the Office of Research on Women’s Health
Grant No.: IR21CA101867-01A2
PI: Hector Betancourt, Ph.D.
The aims of this research are to identify cultural factors relevant to cancer screening among Anglo and
Latino women in Southern California, develop instruments to measure those cultural factors, and use
the instruments to test the relations among culture, psychological processes and cancer screening.  

Culture, Healthcare Delivery, and Cancer among Underserved Latinas
American Cancer Society
Grant No.: PFT-08-014-01-CPPB
PI: Patricia Flynn, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Loma Linda University
Mentor: Hector Betancourt, Ph.D
Co-Mentor: Carlos Garberoglio, M.D.; City of Hope National Medical Center
The aim of this research is to identify and develop an instrument to measure cultural beliefs and
expectations about healthcare professionals and the delivery of cancer screening services among Anglo
and Latino women. The resulting instrument will be used to test whether such aspects of culture
influence the utilization of cancer-related healthcare services among underserved Latino women.

Cultural and Psychological Factors Influencing Treatment Adherence in Patients with Type II Diabetes
CONICYT Chilean Council for Scientific Research and Technology
Grant No.: 1090660
PI: Hector Betancourt, Ph.D.
Co-I: Manual Ortiz, M.A., Jaime Silva, Ph.D.; Universidad de La Frontera
      Pablo Vera, Ph.D.; Universidad de Santiago de Chile
Consultant: Patricia Flynn, Ph.D., M.P.H., Loma Linda University
The aim of this research is to identify cultural factors that influence diabetes treatment
adherence, to develop cultural instruments to assess these factors, and to test the role of culture and
psychological factors as determinants of diabetes treatment adherence in the Metropolitan (urban) and
Araucania (rural) regions of Chile.

Culture and Motivational Factors in Academic Expectancies among  Mapuche Students in Rural
Areas of the Araucania Region of Chile.  
CONICYT Chilean Council for Scientific Research and Technology
Grant No.: 1080150
PI: Maria Elena Gonzalez, Ph.D.; Universidad de La Frontera
Co-I: Hector Betancourt, Ph.D.
Consultant: Patricia Flynn, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Loma Linda University
The purpose of this research is to investigate inequalities associated with educational aspirations
and academic achievement among Mapuche and mainstream Chilean high school students.  
Ethnicity as well as socio-structural and regional characteristics will be examined in relation to
cultural and psychological processes, such as motivation and emotion, relevant to educational and
occupational aspirations.     
Application of an Empathy-Cognition (Attribution)-Emotion Model of Conflict and Violence
The aim of this research program is to investigate the structure of relations among cultural and
psychological factors as determinants of pro-social and violent behavior. The objective is theory
development as well as practical applications to a variety of behavioral domains including
interpersonal and intergroup conflict, social issues, international conflict and war. Current projects
include the investigation of the role of the U.S. media and psychological factors influencing public
support for the Bush Administration’s decision to invade Iraq. Other projects investigate the role of
cultural beliefs, attributions of causality and related emotions on individuals' responses to
mistreatment and discrimination.  
Peace, Conflict and Negotiation
Culture and Behavior Laboratory